It is a government-to-government document signed in 1996 between Canada and 14 First Nations. There are now 78 First Nations across Canada that have signed on this Framework Agreement and have adopted their own land codes. T’ít’q’et is one of 61 First Nations that are currently developing a land code for governing their own reserve lands.


The Agreement sets out the governance powers that will be transferred to T’ít’q’et


  1. Manage lands and Resources
  2. Make Laws
  3. Administer Laws
  4. Enforce Laws


The Agreement sets out the process for the transfer of control from Canada. T’it’q’et’s authority to govern its land and resources is inherent and recognized. The Agreement cannot be amended without First Nations consent.